Encountering Texas 1846–1856 Encountering Texas, 1846–1856: Teaching Guide Education Teaching Resources Center Rights and Reproduction Credits  
      Art of James Gilchrist Benton Art of Edward Everett Art of Sarah Ann Lillie Hardinge Lesson Plans  
  James Gilchrist Benton Edward Everett     Lesson Plans  

Benton’s artworks record the scenery in and around San Antonio during the three years he was stationed there.

As a soldier fighting in the War with Mexico, Everett was given the task of drawing San Antonio’s monuments and reflecting the local life and culture.

Hardinge is one of the first known women to visually represent Texas and the challenges of homesteading in the West.


These lesson plans utilize works by all three artists in activities with TEKS connections.


This project was made possible by a generous grant from The Henry Luce Foundation.


The drawings and watercolors on this site were created by James Gilchrist Benton, Edward Everett, and Sarah Ann Lillie Hardinge and together provide an invaluable record of the vast unknown region that was in the process of becoming the state of Texas. These works show that even in 1850, the young state was still very much a frontier, defended by a line of forts stretching from the Red River to the Rio Grande.


Texas Map